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Efficiencies, interferences, error beam

The telescope efficiencies (main beam and aperture efficiency) are given in Appendix A of The 30m Manual, the IRAM Newsletter Nr. 18 (November 1994) and a one-page IRAM 30m Telescope System Summary (available at

Beware of possible interference of the 230G2 LO into the 3 mm receivers. The 230G2 receiver cannot be operated with the 2 mm receiver, since both receivers use the same control box and polarization. Switching from one receiver to the other is not straightforward. Please specify in the proposal form whether you choose to use the 2 mm receiver or 230G2.

At 1.3 mm (and a fortiori at shorter wavelengths) a large fraction of the receiver radiation pattern is distributed in an error beam (which can be approximated by two Gaussians of HPW tex2html_wrap_inline1906 and 800'' -- see A&A 274, p.144-146 for more details). Astronomers should take into account this error beam when converting antenna temperatures into brightness temperatures.