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The C/O abundance ratio in the detached circumstellar envelopes around carbon stars

V. Bujarrabal, J. Cernicharo
Centro Astronómico de Yebes (IGN), Apartado. 148, 19080 Guadalajara, Spain
Abstract: We present molecular observations of a sample of five `detached envelopes' surrounding C-rich evolved stars: S Sct, TT Cyg, U Ant, U Cam and R Scl. The observed lines are CO J=2-1, HCN J=1-0, HNC J=1-0, SiS J=5-4, HCN J=10-9, CN N=1-0, CS J=5-4, SiO J=3-2, SO =6-5, and CO J=2-1 (observations from the literature, including results for the lines CO J=1-0, CS J=3-2 and SiO J=2-1, are also taken into account). We confirm the presence of two emitting shells in S Sct and TT Cyg. We also find a two-shell structure in U Cam and argue that the envelope of R Scl detected in molecular emission is also probably detached. The (very probable) detection of HCN emission from the inner envelope of S Sct and its unexpected two-peak structure are remarkable. In the inner shells of S Sct and U Cam and the outer shells of U Cam and R Scl, the chemistry is found to be dominantly C-rich, from the comparison of the line intensity ratios with those usually found in standard evolved stars. We note the lack of detected molecular emission, other than CO lines, from the outer envelopes around S Sct and TT Cyg, for which we cannot conclude about the dominant chemistry. We have then not found any sign of O-rich chemistry in the observed detached shells around C-rich evolved stars.
Accepted by Astronomy and Astrophysics.

Robert Lucas
Thu Mar 9 14:41:52 MET 1995