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A Search for Infall Motions Toward Nearby Young Stellar Objects

D. Mardones tex2html_wrap_inline729 , P.C. Myers tex2html_wrap_inline729 , M. Tafalla tex2html_wrap_inline729 , D.J. Wilner tex2html_wrap_inline729 , R. Bachiller tex2html_wrap_inline731 , G. Garay tex2html_wrap_inline733
tex2html_wrap_inline729 Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St, Cambridge MA 02138, USA
tex2html_wrap_inline731 Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, Apartado 1143, E-28800 Alcalá de Henares, Spain
tex2html_wrap_inline733 Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
Abstract: We report observations of 47 candidate protostars in two optically thick lines (H tex2html_wrap_inline663 CO tex2html_wrap_inline693 and CS 2-1) and one optically thin line (N tex2html_wrap_inline663 H tex2html_wrap_inline699 1-0) using the IRAM 30-m, SEST 15-m, and Haystack 37-m radio telescopes. The sources were selected from the redness of their spectra ( tex2html_wrap_inline703  K) and their near distance (d < 400 pc). Most of the sources have asymmetric optically thick lines. The observed distribution of velocity differences, tex2html_wrap_inline707 , is skewed toward negative (blue-shifted) velocities for both the H tex2html_wrap_inline663 CO and CS samples. This excess is much more significant for Class 0 than for Class I sources, suggesting that we detect infall motions toward Class 0 and not toward Class I sources. This indicates a difference in the physical conditions in the circumstellar envelopes around Class I and Class 0 sources, but does not rule out the presence of infall onto Class I sources by e.g. lower opacity gas. Bipolar outflows alone, or rotation alone, cannot reproduce these statistics if the sample of sources has randomly oriented symmetry axes. We identify 15 spectroscopic infall candidates, of which 6 are new. Most of these infall candidates have primarily turbulent rather than thermal motions, and are associated with clusters rather than being isolated.
Accepted by The Astrophysical Journal.